Here is my collage for Task 1 of Concept and Ideation. I was set the task to create a collage of objects that could be framed as letters of the alphabet then stitch them together using Adobe’s Photoshop software. 

To take the photo’s themselves, I used a mixture of my iPhone and a Digital SLR as I partnered with another member of my Seminar group to take the pictures. I then imported them to photoshop, editing the photo size to 300 x 300 pixels to ensure all photographs would be the same size.

I then used the layer tools on Photoshop to create my collage, putting each individual photograph onto a new layer. This then created a collage for the overall image. 

In terms of what went well and what didn’t go so well, I think that I need to develop my photography skills further, as I have never done any work in this field previously. With practise, I believe that the overall product would be much more to a professional standard. 



Here I created a GIF of a running cat in photoshop during a workshop.

First of all, I downloaded a sprite sheet from Google and then opened this in photoshop.


After opening the sprite sheet in Photoshop, I split the whole image into individual images, using the layers function in photoshop. To do this I used the rectangular marquee tool and cut each image into a new layer. 

After creating a layer for each individual image, I positioned each image slightly over each other and copying the images into new layers again. Because I did this, it allowed me to create a cycle of a running cat. 

To create a GIF, I used the “ Save for web” tool, under the file menu. This menu allowed me to create an animated GIF, which allowed me to set the loop to “forever" 

Temporal Expressions – Research 09.10.14

I conducted some research into elements that will help me complete the Temporal Expressions task.

David Hockey and Joiners:


David Hockey, born 1937, is a British painter, draughtsman, printmaker and photographer. He is best known for use of vibrant colour, landscapes and portraits in his work. 

Hockey created photography work called “Joiners”.  Joiner photography uses two or more separately taken images to create a larger one by overlapping them physically or merging the photos together digitally in software such as Photoshop. ( Hockey created these joiners because he became interested in how we turn a 3D world into a two dimensional image. He liked the way the technique allowed the audience to read space. 


The image above is Hockey’s most famous joiner called “Pearblossum Highway, 11th to 18th April 1986 No.2”. It depicts an American Highway and is made up from thousands of photographs. In real life the audience can explore the scene from corner to corner. 

Hockney had a great interest in Cubism and his works have strong links to Cubism.

Cubism is an art movement started by Georges Braque and Pablo Picasso. Dan. (2007). What is Cubism? An Introduction to the Cubist Art Movement and Cubist Painters. Available: Last accessed 9th Oct 2014.

Cubism paintings are not supposed to be realistic or life like. After looking at the subject, an artist will put together fragments from different viewing angles into one complete paining.  

Below is an image of an example to Cubism. It is called “Violin and Candlestick” and was painted by Braque in 1910. 


Hockney’s motivation for producing Joiners was to introduce three elements which a single photograph cannot have: time, space and narrative. Space and Time are the two mains themes of Cubism. Hockey stated that a single photograph cannot represent time or narrative because it expresses a single moment.

Narrative is present from Hockney’s early works. An example of this is a piece of work named “My House, Montcalm Avenue (1982)"  which is a joiner that depicts a photographical journey through his house. 

An example of a time element to Hockney’s work is appears in Steve Cohen, Ian, Gary, Lindsay, Dough, Anthony, Ken (1982) and shows a groups of friends talking. Because all the friends are continuously talking and moving and also because there is a space of time between each photograph, the whole conversation is allowed to be seen by the audience in a similar fashion to a film.

Thirdly, Hockney uses elements of space within his Joiner work. An example of this is presented in Pearblossom Highway 1986 (find image in this blog post). In this joiner, the left side of the overall photograph shows scenic elements, to correspond to the fact that the passenger seat on the left, whilst on the drivers (right) side, the overall photograph shows elements associated with driving, such as road signs etc. 

  (2000). David Hockey: Photocollage. Available: Last accessed 9th Oct 2014.

Long exposure photography:

Long exposure involves using long duration shutter speed to sharply capture the stationary elements of image blurring, smearing or obscuring the moving elements. The paths of moving light sources become clearly visible.  ( Long exposure can be used to capture the effect of time on an image.

A few examples of long exposure photography are: 

Light Painting:


For this, it is recommended that the shutter speed is set between 11 to 30 seconds, the aperture is set between f/8 and f/32 and the ISO is set at 100 or 200.  (

Motion Blur:


Slit Scan:


Short exposure photography:

Short exposure photography involves short duration shutter speeds and captures an instant of time, something that happens in a fracture of a second. 



Cinemagraphs are still photographs where a minor and repeated movement occurs. They are usually published as an animated GIF, and give the impression to the audience that they are watching a video.  They are commonly produced by taking a series of photographs or a video recording. Then, using software, the photos are then made into a loop of frames. The term was created by US photographers Kevin Burg and Jamie Beck.  (

Here is an example of a Cinemagraphs:


The Parallax Effect (2.5D):

The parallax effect is what happens when you create the illusion of depth with completely flat, two dimensional objects by moving background and foreground elements are varying speeds. Foreground objects move fastest, mid – ground slower and the far off back ground elements the slowest.  The end result is a still photograph within a video that appears three dimensional.  ( Here is an example of this effect. 


PARALLAX 2.5D / Demo Reel from Adam Eyster on Vimeo.

Task 2 – Temporal Expressions Introduction

We have been given a new task within the Concept and Ideation unit named “Temporal Expressions. I should aim to complete this by the next seminar, however the final assessment deadline is Monday 10th November. 

In this task I aim to:

  1. Use my blog to reflect on "Space and Time” expressions within Art History – from Cubism to Hockey. I shall research these and write about my findings on my blog. 
  2. Using the theme “Cycle” to experiment in the following:
  • Create a Joiner image in the style of David Hockney
  • Produce Creative photo images which exploit long exposer (eg light painting, motion blur, slit scan etc)
  • Produce creative photo images or sequence which exploit short exposure (eg sports, frozen motion etc)
  • Look into tutorials on cinemagraph techniques and parallax 2.5D techniques and create my own images using the “cycle” theme. 

My first step will be to complete research about these photography techniques, which I will blog about in the near future to present my findings. 

Concept and Ideation – Workshops 06.10.14

Within the last week I have had two workshops to introduce me to technical skills. 

My first workshop was based around Photoshop. I have no previous knowledge of photoshop, so I was a little apprehensive at first. However, we used the shortcuts available and I learnt how to use layers and layer masks. This technique would help me with the Photo Design project, in which I have to create a poster stitching together my own photos. I believe that I will need to repeat this process in order for me to be knowledgeable in the subject.

The second workshop was based around Processing, which is an open source programming language. This session I found particularly interesting because it stamped out many rumours that I heard about programming, things such as being good at maths. Again, I have no previous experience with programming. All the processes were explained in a relatable manner, and a particular video from ( ) made it easy to understand what programming is. We then did some programming using processing to create different functions. We started with a setting a size and background colour. By the end of the session, we had programmed a circle to follow the mouse cursor around the screen, allowing the user to “paint” circles around the screen. Once the user right clicked on the mouse, the background would change colour and it would the reset the drawing. Again, I will have to repeat this in order for me to learn it. As it is free, I have downloaded Processing onto my own personal Mac and plan to have a play around with this IDE.